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About The Dead Sea

girl on sand.jpgThe Dead Sea is the lowest point on the earth, located 400 meters below sea level, it is 80km long and 17km wide. The Sea is situated in a deep hollow between the mountains, which rise 1200 meters above it. The Dead Sea contains 33% salt concentration in comparison to 3% in the Mediterranean.

The beneficial effects of the Dead Sea's raw materials on the skin and their unique therapeutic and beautifying powers have been recognised since ancient times. Cleopatra, considered the most beautiful woman in the world, went to great expense to obtain exclusive rights over the Dead Sea area. At her command, pharmaceutical and cosmetic factories were built near the Dead Sea. Their remains can still be seen today at Ein Bokek and Ein Gedi.

Each year thousands of people from around the world travel to the Dead Sea to experience first hand the incredible effects of the Dead Sea Mud & Salts on the skin.

viewdeadsea.jpg (19616 bytes)DEAD SEA COSMETICS
The uniqueness of Dead Sea cosmetics lies in the key ingredient - mineral mud. Dead Sea Mud is rich in minerals with similar chemical composition to Dead Sea waters and can either be applied to the entire body or just parts, and is also popular as a facial mud masque. Professor Zalmanovitch, a leading American dermatologist, tested the Dead Sea mud masques on thirty women of different age groups and varying skin tones. They found the facial mud masques stimulating, tightening, cleansing and invigorating, leaving the skin with a refreshing glow.

The clay's remarkable absorbency reaches deep into the pores, thoroughly cleansing and removing grime which impedes the nourishing process. Through reverse osmosis, minerals from the mud nourishes the skin and restores it's vitality. The mineral action also works to tighten the pores, helping skin to look and feel its best.

The possible role of Dead Sea minerals on skin smoothing was studied recently. Skin smoothing was tested by applying three preparations:
redhat2.jpg (41434 bytes)1) a liquid gel + anti wrinkle agent and 1% Dead Sea solution.
2) the same liquid gel, the same anti-wrinkle agent but no Dead Sea solution.
3) the same liquid gel but no anti wrinkle agent and no Dead Sea solution.
At the end of the four weeks application period, preparation No. 1) had a skin roughness parameter reduction of 40.7% in average.
No. 2) showed an average skin roughness reduction of 27.8%. and preparation
No.3) showed a reduction of only 10.4%

These surprising results were found to be superior in comparison with 45 leading cosmetic brands, in smoothing the skin's surface and reducing wrinkle depth and skin roughness by Dead Sea minerals.

Studies to test the effectiveness of Balneotherapy (mud packs & sulfur baths) was conducted on 110 patients with psoriasis with the following results: (refer to reverse page for chart) 99.1% of patients with psoriasis treated at the Dead Sea with climatotherapy showed considerable improvement. More than 85% achieved total or excellent clearing of their skin lesions.

It has been shown that Bromine and Zinc are absorbed through the skin of patients with psoriasis after bathing in the Dead Sea Water. In addition, the Dead Sea can eliminate part of the normal skin flora, especially yeast, which may have some importance in psoriasis treatment.

redhat.jpg (47457 bytes)Israeli dermatologist Dr. Zvi Even Paz studied the effect the Dead Sea bath salts had on 50 psoriasis patients in 1989. Although it was long known that bathing in the Dead Sea would bring temporary relief from this incurable condition, it was not known whether bathing in the Dead Sea bath salts anywhere would have the same results. For 47 of the 50 patients tested, significant relief was achieved. Maximum improvement was found when patients soaked in one kilo for three baths per week, for a period of six weeks.

It has also been found that the Bromide in the Dead Sea Salts acts as a natural sedative and helps relax the muscles and relieve stress.

Approximately 5% of the human body is made up of minerals that are essential elements to bodily functions. Your skin loses a number of minerals, through perspiration for example, which may affect mineral equilibrium.

The Dead Sea waters contain more than 25 different types of minerals. Some of the main minerals found in the Dead Sea are:

MAGNESIUM:- Magnesium is a base mineral for the structural elements of your skin and the enzymes that control your skin's metabolism. Aging of the skin will accelerate when there is a magnesium deficiency. Magnesium is an active mineral that can protect the heart in stressful situations. There are 40 grams of magnesium in each litre of Dead Sea water.

BROMIDE:- Known for its soothing, relaxing and tranquillising actions on the nervous system and acts as a soothing antiseptic. It is used in medicine as an analgesic (pain reliever) and sedative.

POTASSIUM:- Did you know that Potassium is a major ion in every living cell? Though you can get Potassium from food sources (dried apricots, avocados, potatoes, citrus fruits, lima beans, broccoli and a number of other foods), if you are a coffee drinker, you may be losing more than you think. Caffeine causes you to waste more potassium though your kidneys with a possible deficiency resulting. Potassium is a moisture regulator and improves the flow of nutrients through the cell membrane.

SODIUM:- Provides energy for cells.

CALCIUM:- Assists with mineral balance. Builds and strengthens bones and nails. It is necessary for the clotting of blood, healing wounds and preventing infection.

IODINE:- Important for the correct functioning of the thyroid gland and is an important factor in the body's metabolic exchanges.

SULFUR:- A natural disinfectant.

Studies to test the effectiveness of Balneotherapy (mud packs and sulfur baths) were carried out on 110 patients and the results are as follows:-





Psoriasis worse




No change




Minimal improvement (less scaling and/or erythema)




Definite improvement (moderate flattening of plaques; less scaling and erythema)




Considerable improvement (considerable flattening of all plaques; minimal erythema and scaling)




Excellent improvement (almost complete flattening of all plaques; minimal erythema or scaling)




Complete clearing (complete flattening of all plaques; no erythema or scaling but variable pigmentation may remain)




David J Abels, M.D., and Jonathan Kattan-Byron, M.D. Beer-Sheva, Israel. (From the Division of Dermatology, Soroka University Hospital and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev. Sponsored by Dead Sea Mor